Known and loved for its nutritional values, Swiss Chard is a versatile and tasty vegetable that can be grown in most regions of the world. It was first identified and named by an Italian botanist. Full of vitamins A and C, Swiss Chard constitutes a healthy part of your daily diet. Whether it’s yellow red or white, it packs in nutrients. It’s easy to cultivate, so keep reading to learn more about proper Swiss chard maintenance in your garden. In this article, we’ll cover common problems related to this common food and measures you can take to correct them.
Full Sun: Many people love to grow chard because it can tolerate partial shade. However, it prefers full sun for optimal growth. It will do well with shaded areas and will not grow too fast in poor lighting conditions. Since it has small leaves, watering often isn’t necessary because it doesn’t need much water anyway. In fact, you should check the bottom of the soil to see if it’s dry before watering it.
Colorful Stems: Many varieties of Swiss Chard have long and thin stems with colorful leaves. The main varieties are green, purple-black, purple and white. However, there is also the black-green and the gold-colored stems that also look very beautiful. These are usually the original stems of the plant, which have been bred for more desirable coloration. If you’re growing the long, thin stemmed variety, make sure to trim off long, crooked stems. This will create a more natural look and prevent the plant from drooping.
Disease Resistance: Since spinach is a perennial, it’s very resistant to disease. It’s also easy to maintain with regular care. Some varieties have a habit of producing seeds. Although some plants only produce one set of seeds at a time, others may produce several seeds at once. To help control the number of seeds produced, prune the plants often. Just be sure to remove any dead or damaged leaves before harvesting the seeds.
Shape and Form: Most of the stems are small and flat, but there are a few large stalks available. All varieties have a tapered shape and the larger ones grow shorter and wider as they mature. You can add splashes of color by picking up the leaves and rubbing them against your pots. The smaller stalks are great for creating a focal point in a salad garden.
Easy Growing Problems: The most common problem encountered when growing Swiss chard is getting the leaves full and creating a crumbly bottom on the soil surface. To avoid this, make sure to evenly apply the fertilizer to the entire plant. Also, make sure to water the plant well during the growing season so that the roots have plenty of room to expand.
Full Sun: Most varieties should get between six and eight hours of full sun each day. They don’t need more than five hours of direct sunlight, but during those weeks that your plants grow larger, you may want to move them outside during the hottest part of the day. Full sun is best for feeding the seeds because they will be germinating faster at the highest temperatures. Also, make sure that your garden doesn’t get heavy frost, because that will prevent the growth of the plants. Keep in mind that most varieties do best in partial shade, but some will tolerate full sun better than others.
Full Luster: The bright green leaves are just a bonus. The real trait of Swiss Chard is how thick and full its stems are. While stems are very short in the vegetable, the thick green leaves provide an impressive backdrop for the tasty greens. You may find that the short, dark green stems contrast nicely with the red, pink, or white flowers. Many gardeners prune the stems to keep them from becoming too long, but you can prune them into a short, even bar.