If you are interested in how to grow Cacti then there are many books and videos available to help. It can be a fairly difficult task to start your own garden from scratch and so many people turn to buying ready made garden kits that contain everything you need to begin with. Growing from seeds can also be quite rewarding as you receive to watch your plants grow from small seedlings through to fully grown plants over many years, often with little effort and you get to eat your own produce. Knowing you have grown your own vegetables is always a real buzz and can make gardening even more fun.
Cacti are not very hardy plants and they will need a lot of care, particularly in the growing conditions. Cactus can thrive in almost any kind of soil, but most varieties will do well in the kind of medium they are planted in. The soil should be relatively dry but not completely dried out, as this may hinder plant growth.
You will need to make sure your grow area receives good quality sunlight which can vary in intensity throughout the day. In most cases the amount of light received is enough but if you are growing a cactus for the first time then they will need as much as 4 hours of direct sunlight each day. As long as you place the cactus where it can enjoy plenty of light, the benefits of an indoor air quality is normally enough to ensure they do well in the growing environment. However, some varieties of cactus do better in low light conditions, but this should only be a mild consideration if it is the first time you are growing cacti or succulents.
Some cacti are quite delicate and require a little more care than others. These should be watered only on an occasional basis. It is ideal to keep a check on the roots of succulents that are placed outside as they will dry out very quickly. If they begin to wilt then transplant them indoors to a drier location.
Cacti are quite delicate plants and so can be damaged by too much or too little water. Most grow sites should receive an average of twelve to sixteen hours of daylight but as with all plants some will need more or less. A few varieties of cactus will need a minimum of one hour of daylight during the day. If you are taking care and providing indoor air quality then you may find it beneficial to rotate the type of plants you use as well. A good way to find out which varieties are best for indoor air quality is to read up on which ones have been used in different cultures and situations. Some examples include how they were utilized in Egypt, China, Mesopotamia and Greece.
One of the key elements with cacti is that they are quite delicate and can easily be damaged if they are overwatered. Cacti will do best if they are kept in pots that are slightly larger than they are in stature. These first winter plants should only be watered about once every ten days. This should be plenty enough to keep the roots from drying out too much. Young seedlings will not require any water for the first two months of growth, but as they near the end of this period you can increase the watering to about twice a week.
One of the most popular ways to take care of cactus is to use them as borders or potted plants. If you start with young seedlings then you will find that they do rather well being planted into smallish containers. You can either use a potting mix that is specially formulated for cactus or alternatively use large plastic pots that can be bought in most gardening stores. When choosing the container for your seedling plant, it is important to select something that has good drainage, but is not so large that it becomes obtrusive on the overall scheme of things. If your young plants get very tall, then you could fit several small containers around one large container. Once the plants have had their first frost, then you can report them and place them in larger containers that have good drainage.
Many people like to grow cacti plants because of their succulent fruit. You can harvest the succulent pulp which is usually eaten right away, but some people like to let the succulent remain on the plant until it matures to the point of making an attractive bouquet. Some people wait as long as two years for the fruit to ripen and then try to eat it. This often means that they will have to keep the succulent for longer periods in order to avoid the bitter taste. Many succulent vegetables also have a high sulphur content, but you may not have any problems with this if you soak the vegetables before you attempt to eat them.